A lot has happened in the month since our last update. Here are some of the more interesting things we’ve found. But first, we have a couple updates before we share links.
First, we are organizing a React Hackathon in Facebook’s Seattle office on Saturday September 28. If you want to hack on React, meet some of the team or win some prizes, feel free to join us!
We’ve also reached a point where there are too many questions for us to handle directly. We’re encouraging people to ask questions on StackOverflow using the tag [reactjs]. Many members of the team and community have subscribed to the tag, so feel free to ask questions there. We think these will be more discoverable than Google Groups archives or IRC logs.
PETE: So React was designed all around that. Conceptually, how you build a React app is that every time your data changes, it’s like hitting the refresh button in a server-rendered app. What we do is we conceptually throw out all of the markup and event handlers that you’ve registered and we reset the whole page and then we redraw the entire page. If you’re writing a server-rendered app, handling updates is really easy because you hit the refresh button and you’re pretty much guaranteed to get what you expect.
MERRICK: That’s true. You don’t get into these odd states.
PETE: Exactly, exactly. In order to implement that, we communicate it as a fake DOM. What we’ll do is rather than throw out the actual browser html and event handlers, we have an internal representation of what the page looks like and then we generate a brand new representation of what we want the page to look like. Then we perform this really, really fast diffing algorithm between those two page representations, DOM representations. Then React will compute the minimum set of DOM mutations it needs to make to bring the page up to date.
Then to finally get to answer your question, that set of DOM mutations then goes into a queue and we can plug in arbitrary flushing strategies for that. For example, when we originally launched React in open source, every setState would immediately trigger a flush to the DOM. That wasn’t part of the contract of setState, but that was just our strategy and it worked pretty well. Then this totally awesome open source contributor Sophie Alpert at Khan Academy built a new batching strategy which would basically queue up every single DOM update and state change that happened within an event tick and would execute them in bulk at the end of the event tick.
While this is not going to work for all the attributes since they are camelCased in React, this is a pretty cool trick.
Turn any DOM element into a React.js function: JSXTransformer.transform("/** @jsx React.DOM */" + element.innerHTML).code— Ross Allen (@ssorallen) September 9, 2013
Stoyan Stefanov gave a talk at BrazilJS about React and wrote an article with the content of the presentation. He goes through the difficulties of writing active apps using the DOM API and shows how React handles it.
So how does exactly React deal with it internally? Two crazy ideas - virtual DOM and synthetic events.
What about event handlers? They are synthetic. React uses event delegation to listen way at the top of the React tree. So removing a node in the virtual DOM has no effect on the event handling.
The events are automatically cross-browser (they are React events). They are also much closer to W3C than any browser. That means that for example
e.targetworks, no need to look for the event object or checking whether it’s
e.srcElement(IE). Bubbling and capturing phases also work cross browser. React also takes the liberty of making some small fixes, e.g. the event
<input onChange>fires when you type, not when blur away from the input. And of course, event delegation is used as the most efficient way to handle events. You know that “thou shall use event delegation” is also commonly given advice for making web apps snappy.
escape will not introduce an XSS vulnerability.
Vjeux re-implemented the display part of the IRC logger in React. Just 130 lines are needed for a performant infinite scroll with timestamps and color-coded author names.